Styrax tonkinensis (Pierre) W. G. Craib ex Hartwich
Kosher certified

Benzoin Siam n°2 Gum Laos

Styrax tonkinensis (Pierre) W. G. Craib ex Hartwich
Botanical family : Styracaceae
Method of culture : Conventional
Part harvested : Gum
Harvest period :
J
F
M
A
M
J
J
A
S
O
N
D

CAS TSCA : 9000-72-0
INCI : Styrax benzoin gum


Balsamic

Balsamic
Vanilla like

The plant in depth

An iconic raw material in the world of perfumery, benzoin Siam is a resin famous for its sweet, balsamic, vanilla-like scent, generated by the vanillin it contains. It is also called benzoin Laos, a nod to its origins, as well as benzoin aliboufier. The resin is obtained after cutting the trunk of the Styrax tonkinensis tree, a member of the Styracaceae family. Perched between 800 and 1,600 meters above sea level, this tall tree, growing 25 meters in height, grows wild in Laos, Thailand, and northern Vietnam. A spicier and less subtle variety of the fragrance – Styrax paralleloneurum or benzoin Sumatra from Indonesia – is used primarily in cleaning products and by the tobacco industry. Before harvesting, the bark tapping or incising is done from top to bottom, letting the resin flow and accumulate in the flap of bark lifted by the tapper. In Laos, this phase takes place in September. Production begins a few weeks later, while harvesting is usually done in January and February by detaching the bark flap, filled with white droplets, or “tears” of benzoin, with a machete. These tears are then cleaned and graded: No. 5 tear, No. 3 tear, and No. 2 tear.

The marketing of benzoin Siam began in earnest in the 13th century in the Middle East and Egypt, through the efforts of Indian merchants. It was not until the 15th century that the first benzoin tears arrived in France. The substance’s antiseptic properties led to its being used to treat respiratory ailments. In ancient times, benzoin Siam was mixed with myrrh and frankincense and burned in religious rituals. In the 19th century, after discovering benzoin’s use in Armenia – to perfume and disinfect houses – Auguste Ponsot, along with pharmacist Henri Rivier, developed “ Papier d’Arménie », the scented paper so popular in France. They found that by dissolving benzoin in alcohol at 90°C and then impregnating absorbent paper with it, the paper could be burned to release the original odor of benzoin.

Your technical documents

Data sheet Security sheet Kosher
GHS CLP GHS CLP K

Specifications

Method for obtaining Exsudat
Appearance Ivory to orange-brown solid grains from 1 to 1.6 cm
Constituents Benzoic acid, vanillin


Advised uses : Aromatherapy, Perfumery, Cosmetic, Alimentary